Did you know that invasive insects cost the global economy at least $70 billion?
Plants succumb to pest and disease damage much more easily when faced with other environmental stressors. Insufficient water and other resources are also huge contributors to plant damage, even under greenhouse or indoor conditions.
This is where pest management comes in. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies are the most effective way of limiting the damage done by pests, controlling them, and preventing them from spreading to other plants.
Do you want to know how you can roll out an effective IPM plan? Here’s everything you need to know.
1. Cultural & Physical Controls
Cultural control is a method of pest management that uses practices to change the environment around the crop to make it less conducive to pests. This can include altering the planting date, crop rotation, irrigation, and tillage practices.
Some cultural practices are specific to certain pests, while others have a general effect on a wide range of pests. They are an important part of an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program, often reducing the need for chemical controls.
Physical controls are management practices that create a barrier between the pest and the crop. This can include mulching, row covers, and traps.
Trapping is a popular physical pest management solution because it is relatively safe and easy to do. Barriers can also be effective, especially when used in conjunction with other physical pest management solutions. Chemicals should be used as a last resort, as they can be dangerous to humans and pets.
2. Biological Integrated Pest Management
Biological pest management solutions are those that make use of living organisms to control pests. These can include using natural predators or parasites to control target pests. This also includes using bacteria or other microorganisms to control pests.
This can be an effective and sustainable way to control pests and can be tailored to specific pest problems. An example of this is using ladybugs to control aphids. Another example is using wasps to control caterpillars.
For the use of microorganisms, you can check marronebio.com. They isolate and screen naturally occurring microorganisms that promote plant health.
3. Chemical Control
Pest management solutions that make use of chemical control are usually the last line of defense against pests. When all other methods have failed, chemical control may be the only option. This involves using pesticides to kill or control pests.
Chemical control can be effective against a wide variety of pests, but it can also be dangerous if used improperly. Pesticides can be poisonous to people, animals, and the environment. It is important to follow the directions on the label carefully.
Pest management professionals are trained in the proper use of pesticides. They can provide valuable assistance in selecting and using the right products for your situation.
Effective Pest Control Solutions
Pest management is a process, not a one-time event. A successful integrated pest management program uses various techniques to achieve long-term control with the least risk to people, property, and the environment.
Consult with pest management services to develop an IPM program tailored to your specific needs.
For more helpful articles and advice, be sure to check out our other blog posts!