What You Have to Know About Colorectal Disease

Millions of people have been diagnosed with colorectal cancer around the world.

If you or a loved one is a sufferer or has a family history of colorectal disease, then you need to arm yourself with the facts to monitor their treatment and wellbeing.

Don’t put it off another day, keep reading to find out what you need to know about colorectal disease.

The Different Types of Colorectal Diseases

There are three main types of colorectal diseases:

Ulcerative Colitis

It is a chronic inflammatory condition of the colon and rectum.

Crohn’s Disease

It is a chronic inflammatory condition of the digestive system. Symptoms of Crohn’s disease can include abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, and fatigue.


It is a condition in which the small sacs or pouches in the lining of the intestine become inflamed or infected.

Risk Factors for Colorectal Disease

If you’re over 50, you’re at increased risk for colorectal cancer.

Other risk factors include a family history of the disease, African-American heritage, and inflammatory bowel disease. If you have any of these risk factors, be sure to tell a colorectal specialist so that you can be screened for this kind of disease.

Symptoms of Colorectal Disease

While symptoms differ depending on the type of colorectal disease, some common symptoms include rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, and changes in bowel habits.

If you experience any of these symptoms, contact or visit a colorectal specialist at NYBG Colorectal Surgeons for an initial check-up.

How is Colorectal Disease Diagnosed

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in the world. The good news is that colorectal cancer is preventable, and it is one of the few cancers that can be detected early and cured.

There are several ways to diagnose colorectal cancer:


It is the most accurate test and is the preferred method to screen for colorectal cancer. During a colonoscopy, a doctor inserts a long, flexible tube into the rectum and colon to examine the lining of the colorectal walls.

If any abnormal growths, such as polyps, are found, they can be removed during the colonoscopy.

Virtual Colonoscopy

It is a newer, non-invasive method of screening for colorectal cancer. During a virtual colonoscopy, a CT scan is used to create a three-dimensional image of the colon. This image is then examined for any abnormal growths.

Treatment for Colorectal Disease

There are a few different ways that colorectal disease can be treated. Some of the more common methods include:


This is usually only necessary if the disease is advanced or causing an obstruction.


This is often used in combination with other treatments, such as surgery or radiation therapy.

Radiation Therapy

This is usually only used for tumors that are difficult to remove surgically.


This treatment can help to boost the immune system and fight the disease.

Targeted Therapy

This is a newer type of treatment that targets specific genes or proteins in the cancer cells.

Live Healthy and Prevent Colorectal Disease

Colorectal disease can be many things, some more serious than others, but all warrant professional care. Do not delay in getting the help you need to maintain good colon health.

It’s important to catch this disease early when it’s most treatable. Talk to your doctor about what screening test is right for you.

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