Consolidating your debt is a very tempting option when the multiple payments of unsecured debts are overwhelming you.
Such debts usually include credit cards, payday loans or lending companies, among others.
We understand that you may have no fixed income, and even if you do, not all people are able to organize their expenses to stay to date with payments.
For this reason, we made this article to explain to you how does debt consolidation work and when is it the best option, keep reading!
Let’s Get Started!
First, you need to understand that the real problem is not the different debts you have, but your expenses.
So your real goal is not simply to consolidate your payments into one, but rather you should aim to get rid of your debts, and for this, you need to establish a plan that helps you achieve it, not simply pay less for more time only once to the month.
Understanding this point, one of the tools that could help you simplify your monthly payments and get rid of your debts is the consolidation of these, particularly if you are interested in low-interest debt consolidation loans.
Now, we can move on to explain how consolidation works, when it may be the best time to use it and other things.
How Does Debt Consolidation Work?
Regardless of whether you make an online debt consolidation or go to a specialized agency, the operation is generally the same:
After you have selected the total of debts that you wish to consolidate into one, an agency tells you how many of those debts they can absorb.
Then, after the selection and approval of debts, they are in charge of canceling them in their totality or establishing an agreement with your creditors for their cancellation.
Your duty here will be to pay a single amount to the agency that makes the consolidation loan once a month for a longer period than if you did everything by yourself.
–So, to answer the first FAQ, yes, you will pay more money in the long run-
Another way to consolidate is qualifying for a debt consolidation loan, although the previous method is relatively similar, in this case, you receive the total amount of your current debts with the creditors and it is you must use the money received to cancel all the loans, so you will only worry about making a single monthly payment.
A third alternative method that is applicable to consolidate debts of different credit cards is the transfer of balance.
By transferring the balances of certain cards to a new one with a more attractive interest rate you enjoy simplified payments and cost savings.
Many people take advantage of introductory offers of 0% interest during a certain period of time to advance their debt without the additional interest expense.
Debt Consolidation Rates
The idea of paying less money at a lower interest rate attracts a lot, however, understanding how exactly this system works will allow you to decide whether consolidation is for you or not.
At the outset, when you pay a loan ahead of time you must pay a fine for advance payment, in addition, if your credit rating is not nearly excellent you have few opportunities to obtain an attractive interest rate.
After these points, it is natural that as all people have the expectation of reaching low rate debt consolidation loans, but low-interest rates hide an uncomfortable truth.
Let’s Explain This With An Example:
If you have $ 30,000 in debt, including a two-year loan for $ 10,000 at 12% and a four-year loan for $ 20,000 at 10%. Your monthly payments would be $ 517 and $ 583 respectively, for a total of $ 1,100 each month.
Now, if you go to a company that proposes to reduce your payment to $ 640 per month and the interest rate to 9% by negotiating with your creditors and combining the two loans into one, it will take you six years to repay the loan and you will end up paying $ 46,080 to pay the new loan compared to $ 40,392 for the original separated loans, despite having a lower interest rate of 9%, you will end up spending extra $ 5,688.
But don’t run away just yet! Debt consolidation is worth it if the situation calls for it!
When to Go To Debt Consolidation
Each case is unique, not all people have the same economic commitments, nor the same habits, but we can describe several parameters that can help you determine when the best time to consolidate your debts is.
The most important thing is that you examine your budgets to determine if you are able to comfortably pay the new monthly amount, do not forget that, if your credit score is slightly deficient or just good, you are unlikely to get lower debt consolidation interest rates, In fact, private companies offer up to 47% interest.
Dedicate as long as necessary to study the different consolidation offers that banks and agencies offer you, remember that credit cards also offer this possibility of requesting a new card that includes a promotional period of 0% interest and sums up your old debts.
Even if you think there are too many disadvantages, it could be the best option at your fingertips to avoid the defaults that do so much damage to your credit score, and whose effect takes way more time to correct.
In other words, go for consolidation if you find yourself within any of these statements:
- You found a low to 0 interest rate consolidation offer
- If you are at risk of default handling the current payments by yourself
- You forget to pay some debts every month and find it hard to organize so many payments
What Can Be Consolidated?
Debt consolidation can be used to simplify almost any type of unsecured debt, therefore, it can include:
- Credit cards
- Medical bills
- Service invoices
- Payday loans
- Student loans
- Invoices that have gone to collection.
Some people interpret that they will have advantages if they consolidate personal loans or loans with mortgage guarantee, in your case, it will depend on the analysis of your situation whether or not to include this class of loans in a consolidation.
Ways To Consolidate Debt
There are different ways to consolidate your debt which include:
- A loan with a mortgage guarantee: if you have a good amount of capital in your home, this could be a relatively good option.
- The line of credit: lines of credit can be insured by your home or your bank can offer you insurance if you have good credit and a good income, although if you pay the minimum you can take a long time to pay.
- Debt consolidation loan through a bank or credit union: if you have a credit score and a good loan guarantee to offer, this could be an option.
- Debt consolidation loan through a financial company: your loan criteria are not as strict as those of banks. However, their interest rates can reach up to 47%.
- Transfer credit card balance: credit cards mostly offer balance transfers with a low-interest rate as a means of debt consolidation.
However, if you do not pay your balance at the end of the low-interest promotional period, you usually end up paying normal interest rates of around 20%.
- Credit cards with low-interest rates: if banks or credit companies do not want to lend you money and you have a good credit rating, you could end up consolidating with a credit card with a low-interest.
Reasons to resort to debt consolidation
People obtain debt consolidation loans for various reasons, all of which is well justified:
- Simplifies finances: replaces the exhausting process of paying multiple debts individually and on different dates for a single monthly payment.
- You could save money by reducing your interest rate: achieved by paying a high-interest loan by using a low-interest consolidation loan, without forgetting that this possibility is directly determined by your credit rating.
- You can make life simpler with a smaller monthly payment: feasible if your debts are consolidated at a lower interest rate, or if you have a longer period of time to pay off the loan.
- And you can pay the debt faster: this rarely happens, for it to be real you must obtain a lower interest rate and, at the same time, keep your current monthly payment of the debt exactly the same.
The reason is that a larger portion of your monthly payment is actually spent on your debt since interest is consuming a smaller amount of money.
To Sum Up
Finding the tools at your disposal to deal with your debts is not a simple task, but it is well worth it.
Consolidation is one of those means to correct the effect that poor planning on our part in terms of expenses makes over our credit scores. But it is still necessary that you organize your expenses after consolidation to avoid unnecessary debt.
Note–A US bank discovered that 78% of people who approved for a debt consolidation loan turned out not to be financially better once they had repaid the loan. Instead, these people had accumulated debt again.
Whenever you make financial decisions with the mind instead of the heart you can enjoy good economic health, if you need to go for consolidation, remember that it has practical advantages, how to make a single payment, but that there are other aspects worthy of analysis before you decide to consolidate your debt in order to avoid backfires.