Tick Tock: Your Guide to the Different Types of Watch Movements

We take telling the time for granted. Have you ever stopped and thought about what it takes for you to have this ability?

Watch movements have been around for centuries. So why don’t we know all about them?

In the age of phones in our pockets, many of us can get the time, wherever and whenever we want.

While some of us ditched our analog devices years ago, they can still provide a lot of benefits.

We may want a watch for ease of keeping track of time, for luxury, or to collect.

For fashion or convenience, let’s ask the question: what makes them tick?

What Are Watch Movements?

Every watch and clock, analog or digital, they all have a movement. This is the heart of the device.

The movement is what allows everything in the watch to keep time, as accurately as possible.

There are 3 different types of movements:

  1. Mechanical – These are powered by manual winding.
  2. Automatic – These use kinetic energy from your wrist to power the movement.
  3. Quartz – These are powered by a battery.

Let’s start with the original.

Mechanical

This is where the watch started.

If you are a hobbyist, or you are interested in a fancy watch, this is the bread and butter.

These are the most sought-after types of movements by collectors.

Drawn to by their intricacy, their old-fashion design, and their longevity, these movements were created well ahead of their time.

Mechanical watches have been around since 1524, in the form of a pocket watch.

Much like every other piece of technology, these watches evolved over time, now most commonly in the form of a wristwatch.

How do they work?

Not surprisingly, these work just like any mechanical clock, but the genius is in the intricacy that comes with such a small scale.

Anybody who has owned a grandfather clock knows that you have to pull a few chains, every week or two, to raise the weights in the body so the clock will keep telling time.

The mechanical watch operates similarly, but instead of pulling on weights, you wind a spring to keep it running.

This type of movement operates by the energy stored in a mainspring that allows it to keep the gears and springs moving consistently.

What are the benefits of a mechanical watch?

  • Longevity – These watches, with proper maintenance, can last for generations.
  • History – These are the oldest types of watches, and collectors love this.
  • Fashion – Mechanical watches are the fanciest and most revered by hobbyists.

What are the downsides?

  • Manual winding – Every two days, on average, you need to wind the mainspring, from the crown, to provide the energy necessary to keep the watch running.
  • Reliability – Mechanical watches may not be as consistent with timekeeping and may require time adjusting more frequently.
  • Maintenance – Every 4-6 years, mechanical watches require what is called an overhaul, or service to the movement.

Is a mechanical watch right for you?

If you love the appeal of a mechanical watch, but winding it up sounds like it would get old, maybe this next one is for you.

Automatic

Automatic movements are also known as self-winding mechanical movements, because of the way they operate.

The first self-winding mechanical watch movement was invented in 1770.

These were also made for pocket watches and eventually evolved into a self-winding wrist-watch by a British watch repairer named John Harwood in 1923.

So if these are mechanical watches, what makes them automatic?

The mainspring that powers the gears is given energy by movement, allowing the watch to keep its rhythm.

The more you wear it, the more energy the mainspring stores.

The typical mainspring can store two days worth of energy, allowing the watch to keep time while stationary, overnight.

What are the benefits of an automatic watch?

  • Autonomy – It’s in the name. The more you wear it, the longer it continues to function.
  • No batteries – No need to worry about it dying.
  • No winding necessary – This can save from some stressful moments.

What are the downsides?

  • Going without – The first clear downside to this type of movement is that if you only wear the watch on certain occasions, you will have to reset the time.
  • Maintenance – They have about the same need for overhauls as a standard movement, without having to wind them. However, this routine maintenance gives it the same longevity as a standard mechanical movement.

If you like the idea of a mechanical watch, but don’t feel like winding it up all the time, or maybe you’re fascinated by the autonomy, check out the Jazzmaster automatic watches.

Quartz

Quartz movements have really taken the industry by storm.

This type of movement came about in 1969, and have since grown to become over 90% of the watch movements produced today.

They are called quartz movements because of the use of crystal quartz having electrical current running through them.

It was discovered that quartz vibrates at an extremely consistent rate, 32768 times per second, under an electrical current. It was only the logical next step to incorporate this into time-telling devices.

What are the benefits of a quartz watch?

  • Affordability – These are the least expensive types of watch movements.
  • Reliability – The consistency of the current through the quartz hardly ever strays from the accurate time, making it rarely necessary to adjust the time.
  • Low maintenance – No winding necessary, and less moving parts means less need for maintenance.

What are the downsides?

  • Prestige – These aren’t exactly the fanciest of watches. Collectors and luxury watch lovers tend to have a strong preference for mechanical devices.
  • Batteries – Changing the battery can be annoying, but fortunately, it is very infrequent with most quartz watches.

These are mainstream for a reason.

If you are not looking for a luxury watch, and are simply looking for accuracy and durability, this is a good option.

Even though these watches aren’t as revered as their mechanical brothers, how they work is still very fascinating for the technologically-inclined.

What Type of Movement Should I Buy?

Honestly, it depends on your needs.

If you are looking for a luxury watch that you can pass down in your family, mechanical and automatic watches are the way to go.

If you are looking for an easy time-telling device, with limited hassle, at an affordable cost, watch movements are a great fit.

Pocket or wrist watch, quartz or mechanical, the technology is brilliant.

Check out the best websites to buy the watch that’s best for you!


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