With.NET, Microsoft has achieved its goal of giving developers a single platform on which to tackle every challenge. The.NET technology has enabled online, desktop, and mobile applications in both the startup and business environments for a few decades.
What exactly is.NET?
.NET is an open-source, cross-platform programming platform used to create a wide range of applications. Microsoft designed the platform, which supports several programming languages and frameworks for developing web, mobile, desktop, IoT, and other applications.
- Even though C# is the primary programming language for.NET, you may use any other language of your choosing. Microsoft directly supports the following languages:
- F# (F sharp) is a functional programming language that is part of the ML language family. It also supports the concept of object-oriented programming.
- Visual Basic: Microsoft’s first programming language. Within the framework of.NET, it has evolved into a completely object-oriented programming language.
- Because.NET supports the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI), your source code is automatically compiled into a Common Intermediate Language (CIL), regardless of the programming language you use.
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Components and the.NET Architecture
.NET enables you to create a variety of application kinds, from command-line to desktop apps, online to mobile applications, gaming to IoT applications.
- The.NET runtime is represented by CoreCLR. It is in charge of running CLI applications and contains a just-in-time compiler.
- CoreFX: The platform’s API implements the CLI Standard Libraries, which are a collection of libraries that offer the most common functionality, such as file system management, exception handling, network connectivity, threading, reflection, and so on. The CoreFX component is also known as the Unified Base Class Library.
Models of.NET Applications
Above the basic components are the various application model frameworks, which are libraries that provide support for constructing various sorts of applications. As an example, consider the following:
- ASP.NET: A framework for developing online applications and web APIs.
- WPF stands for Windows Presentation Foundation and is a graphical user interface for Windows desktop applications.
- Xamarin: A cross-platform framework for developing mobile, TV, and PC apps.
- Blazor: A C# framework for developing client web apps. It also enables the creation of client web applications in WebAssembly code.
- ML.NET: A machine learning framework that makes it easier to integrate machine learning models into your.NET application.
.NET provides support for most basic programming activities, from file management to network connection, and security to database access, in addition to application model frameworks. On the networking front, for example, it supports socket programming, HTTP communication, and gRPC. This enables you to build microservices using the protocol that best suits your requirements.
You may locate a large number of particular libraries on the public NuGet repository for any additional requirements not covered by the framework. In reality, NuGet is the.NET package management. It enables you to build, distribute, and utilize a wide range of.NET library for almost any application.
Support for.NET Design and Development
The number of programming languages supported by.NET for software development is not restricted. .NET also encourages the implementation of certain best practices while allowing you to create your application the way you desire. Developers may choose from various ways at the start of the development experience. They may utilize the.NET CLI environment to create new projects, add dependencies, build, and execute code, among other things.
They may take an intermediate route by using Visual Studio Code, a powerful cross-platform editor built on top of the.NET CLI. They may also utilize a strong IDE, such as Visual Studio, which is available for both Windows and Mac and offers an interactive programming experience. Regardless of the technology you select, several project templates are available to help you get started fast on your new application. You may also design your own.NET project template.